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Unit breaking the ice to make the world a friendly place



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UNIT 2. Daily LIFE


By doing nothing we learn to do ill.

English saying
Lead-in

1. Remember some words of wisdom.


  • “The secret of your future is hidden in your daily routine.” (Mike Murdock)

  • “Every morning you are handed 24 golden hours. They are one of the few things in this world that you get free of charge. If you had all the money in the world, you couldn’t buy an extra hour. What will you do with this priceless treasure?” (Author Unknown)

  • “It has been my observation that most people get ahead during the time that others waste.” (Henry Ford)




2. Read the text and answer the questions below.
PLANNING ONE’S DAILY ROUND
Have you ever thought that 24 hours isn’t enough to do all you have to do? All of us have so many duties and obligations! In addition to the daily routine at offices, schools, hospitals, etc., we have always got some housework to do and shopping, we have to cook the meals and keep the house clean. It is really surprising how much work some people manage to do! But it often happens that we don’t have enough time to do everything and put it off till “some other time”. What do you think is the reason? Why do some people manage and not others?

A lot depends on how you plan your daily round. If you plan your day carefully, you’ll be able to do more and it takes you less time.

Planning the day is especially necessary for people who want to make time for important things. Many outstanding people say that a daily timetable has helped them greatly to achieve what they have.

  1. Do you agree that 24 hours isn’t enough to do all we have to do?

  2. Do you often put off things till some other time? Why?

  3. Do you find it necessary to plan your daily round? Give your reasons.

  4. Some people say that a strict timetable makes life dull and uninteresting. What do you think?

VOCABULARY


  1. routine (n)

daily routine

- заведенный порядок; определенный режим

- повседневный распорядок

  1. round (n)

the daily round

- круг; цикл

- круг ежедневных занятий

  1. habit (n)

- привычка, обыкновение

  1. duty (n)

- долг, обязанность

  1. obligation (n)

- обязательность; обязанность; долг

  1. necessary (a)

- необходимый, нужный

  1. important (a)

importance (n)

- важный, значительный, существенный

- важность, значительность

  1. time (n)

spend time (spent, spent)

waste time

save time

timetable (n)

in time

on time

What time ...?

it’s time to do something

- время

- проводить время

- тратить время впустую

- беречь (экономить) время

- расписание (занятий), график (работы)

- вовремя, без опоздания

- точно к назначенному часу

- Когда, в котором часу …?

- пора сделать что-л.

  1. enough (a)

have enough time

- достаточный

- располагать достаточным запасом времени

  1. schedule (n)

- программа, план; график

  1. put off (put, put)

- откладывать

  1. manage (v)

- справляться, ухитряться, суметь;

- управлять

  1. achieve (v)

- достигать

  1. success (n)

be a success

successful (a)

- успех

- удаться, иметь успех

- успешный; удачный

  1. depend on (n)

- зависеть от чего-л.

  1. think (v) (thought, thought)

thought

- думать, обдумывать; мыслить

- размышление; мысль

  1. remember (v)

- помнить

  1. forget (v) (forgot, forgotten)

- забывать

  1. late (a, adv)

be late for

- поздний; поздно

- опоздать куда-л.

  1. next (a)

next week/month/year

- следующий, будущий

- на следующей неделе/в следующем месяце/году

  1. last (a)

last (v)

- последний, прошлый

- продолжаться, длиться

  1. be over

- закончиться, завершиться

  1. midday (n)

- полдень

  1. night (n)

midnight (n)

tonight (adv)

- ночь, вечер

- полночь

- сегодня вечером или ночью

  1. get (got, got) (v)

get home

get to work

get to the university

get up

get dressed

- получать; достигать, добираться

- добраться домой

- прибыть на работу

- прибыть в университет

- вставать, подниматься

- одеваться

  1. sleep (v) (slept, slept)

sleep in

oversleep(v)

sleep (n)

go to sleep

get a sleep (got, got)

asleep (a)

be asleep

fall asleep (fell, fallen)

sleepy (a)

- спать, засыпать

- спать дольше обычного

- проспать

- сон

- заснуть

- поспать

- спящий

- спать

- заснуть

- сонный, сонливый

  1. wake up (v) (woke, woken)

awake (a)

be awake

- проснуться, просыпаться

- бодрствующий

- бодрствовать, не спать

  1. put on (v) (put, put)

- надевать

  1. take off (took, taken)

- снимать

  1. wear (v) (wore, worn)

- быть одетым (во что-л.); носить (одежду и т.п.)

  1. hour (n)

an hour and a half

half an hour

- час

- полтора часа

- полчаса

  1. quarter (n)

- четверть

  1. yesterday (adv)

the day before yesterday

- вчера

- позавчера

  1. tomorrow (adv)

the day after tomorrow

- завтра

- послезавтра

  1. shower/bath (n)

take/have a shower/bath

- душ/ванна

- принять душ/ванну

  1. breakfast/lunch/dinner/supper (n)

- завтрак/обед, ленч/ужин/поздний ужин

  1. bed (n)

go to bed

make a bed (made, made)

- кровать, постель

- ложиться спать

- застилать постель

  1. leave (v) (left, left)

leave house

leave for work

- покидать, уходить

- выходить из дома

- уходить на работу

  1. wash (v)

wash up

- мыть

- мыть посуду

  1. bus/trolley bus/tram/taxi (n)

take a bus/tram, etc (took, taken)

catch the bus/taxi (caught, caught), etc

- автобус/троллейбус/трамвай/такси

- добираться на автобусе/трамвае

- успеть на автобус/такси

  1. busy (a)

be busy with something

be busy doing something

busyness (n)

- деятельный; занятой

- быть занятым чем-л.

- быть занятым чем-л.

- занятость, деловитость

  1. tire (v)

tiring (a)

tired (a)

tireless (a)

tiredness (n)

- утомлять(ся), уставать

- утомительный, изнурительный

- усталый, утомленный

- неутомимый; неустанный

- усталость

  1. rest (v)

rest (n)

have a rest

- отдыхать

- покой; отдых

- отдохнуть, передохнуть


Word building
3. Translate the derivatives; say to what part of speech they belong.


  1. depend (v) – зависеть → dependence, independence, dependent, independent

  2. tire (v) – утомлять(ся) → tiring, tired, tiredness

  3. busy (a) – деятельный; занятой → busily, busyness

  4. idle (a) – ленивый; незанятый → idly, idleness

  5. patient (a) – терпеливый → patiently, impatient, impatiently

  6. sleep (v) – спать → oversleep, sleeper


4. Choose the corresponding English word.


1 важность, значимость

a) important

b) importance

c) importantly

2 успешно

a) success

b) successful

c) successfully

3 решение

a) decide

b) decisive

c) decision

4 мысль

a) think

b) thought

c) thoughtful

5 сила

a) strong

b) strength

c) strengthen

6 замешательство

a) confused

b) confusion

c) confusedly




Confusing Words

'-ed' and '-ing' Adjectives: Describing Feelings and Things

Adjectives that end in -ing are used to describe things and situations:

“The lecture was boring.”

Adjectives that end in -ed are used to describe our feelings:

“I felt very bored.”



5. Complete the sentences below using the correct adjective.


  1. I think that rainy days in autumn are ___. (depressing/depressed)

  2. They arrived back from their long walk, ___ but happy. (tiring/tired)

  3. I was very ___ to hear you’re well again. (pleasing/pleased)

  4. At times, English can be a ___ language to learn. (confusing/confused)

  5. Many young people are ___ about what career to choose – there are so many possibilities. (confusing/confused)

  6. I really like Spielberg’s films – they’re always so ___. (exciting/excited)

  7. You must be feeling really ___ about getting married. (exciting/excited)

  8. I’m not going to watch it. It sounds really ___. (boring/bored)

  9. She’s ___ of doing the same thing every day. (boring/bored)

  10. I was ___ to hear that Simon got married. (amazing/amazed)

  11. Dogs often feel ___ during fireworks. (frightening/frightened)

  12. The metro can be ___ the first time you use it. (confusing/confused)

  13. I felt very ___ because I didn’t know whether he wanted to see me or not. (confusing/ confused)

  14. I was ___ to hear about the earthquake. (shocked/shocking)

  15. I’ve never seen him looking so ___. (tiring/tired)

  16. If you’re ___ I can let you have the title of the book. (interesting/interested)


6. Match the words of similar meaning.


1 worried

a go away

2 drop in

b idleness

3 leave

c energetic

4 laziness

d duty

5 dull

e visit (informally)

6 obligation

f boring

7 tireless

g nervous


7. Match the words to their opposites.


1 wake up

a take off

2 get up

b fail

3 put on

c forget

4 remember

d fall asleep

5 manage

e deserted

6 interesting

f go to bed

7 crowded

g boring


8. Read and translate the sentences.
1. Jenny usually wakes up at about six in the morning. 2. Terry asked his mother to wake him up at six o’clock. 3. Are you awake yet? 4. Daniel disliked having to get up early in the morning. 5. We got up late this morning and missed our favourite programme. 6. I think I’ll go to bed late tonight and sleep in tomorrow. 7. I’m going to bed. We have a busy day ahead of us tomorrow. 8. It was Sunday and we wanted to sleep in but the telephone woke us at seven o’clock. 9. Tim was late for work this morning because he overslept. 10. You’re not getting enough sleep. 11. I’ll have enough time to read the report this evening. 12. We don’t have enough time to go shopping now. 13. My Spanish isn’t good enough to understand Spanish radio. 14. Ella didn’t have enough free time to learn another language. 15. She didn’t arrive early enough to see the first part of the film. 16. This room isn’t large enough for public meetings. 17. Tomorrow I have to leave early to get the train up to Michigan. 18. I’m leaving for Paris on Tuesday. 19. When we arrived at the port the boat had just left. 20. You wait half an hour for a bus, then six of them arrive at once. 21. I was too busy preparing for my exam to watch the football game. 22. If you get tired, just stop for a while. 23. A tired driver has slower reactions than one who is wide awake. 24. Lily was tired out with travelling and slept almost at once. 25. Why don’t you take a taxi – it’s a tiring walk from the station to my house. 26. The job is tiring but rewarding. 27. It was the end of a long day. Tiredness overwhelmed me. 28. We arrived at the hotel at midnight but were too sleepy to notice our beautiful surroundings. 29. I’ve only just got out of bed and I’m still half-asleep. 30. Most days the bus is on time but today it was 10 minutes late. 31. I hate not being on time for class. 32. Don’t worry, I’ll be back in time to cook dinner. 33. Come in. You’re just in time for a cup of coffee. 34. I managed to catch her just as she was leaving the office. 35. I’ve never managed to catch a train with any time to spare. 36. How do you spend your spare time? 37. We don’t really do anything interesting in our free time. 38. Could I have a timetable for trains to London please? 39. I want a schedule of flights from Boston to New York. 40. What’s the schedule for today’s meeting? 41. My schedule’s pretty light next week – why don’t we meet sometime? 42. Despite the food arriving late, the party was a success. 43. He is a successful student with a bright future. 44. By the age of twenty, she had already achieved fame and wealth.
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