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  • 10. Match the sentence beginnings (a-g) with their endings (1-7).

  • SOCIAL ENGLISH Time Expressions

  • Telling the time 11. Match the time.

  • 12. What is the difference between 8 a.m. and 8 p.m. Look at the chart and check your answer.

  • 13. Match the times that are the same.

  • GRAMMAR Days and Dates

  • 14. Practice saying these important dates in the Russian calendar.

  • Prepositions of Time At in on

  • 15. Put in the correct preposition at / on / in or —.

  • 16. Complete the following sentences with the correct preposition of time

  • 17. Work with your partner. Take it in turns to ask and answer the questions.

  • How often

  • 19. Work with a partner. Use the adverbs of frequency to talk about your daily routine.

  • Unit breaking the ice to make the world a friendly place



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    9. Fill in the correct word from the list below. Some words may be used more than once.


    thought, habit, schedule, feel, boring,

    bored, please, displeased, enough




    1. She was ___ at my tactlessness.

    2. He often acts without ___.

    3. It was ___ to sit there without anything to do.

    4. I was so___ – I almost fell asleep.

    5. She has a ___ of leaving the front door open when she goes out.

    6. She is very hard to___.

    7. He was deep in___.

    8. Children get bored if they don’t have ___ to do.

    9. I usually ___ too tired to cook after a day at the office.

    10. At first you think “I’ll just have one cigarette,” but then it becomes a ___ and you’re smoking 60 a day.

    11. I’m afraid she has a very busy ___ at the moment and she doesn’t have time for interviews.


    10. Match the sentence beginnings (a-g) with their endings (1-7).


    1. I was going to watch the late-night movie ...

    1. and now he’s very successful.

    1. I want to see you ...

    1. playing video games.

    1. They were short of time, ...

    1. and now she never sees her old friends.

    1. If they hurry ...

    1. to travel all over the world.

    1. Bobby spends all his free time ...

    1. but I was just too tired.

    1. Success enabled her ...

    1. they can catch the 8:30 bus.

    1. Five years ago he started his own business ...

    1. so they agreed to put off the meeting.

    1. Three years ago she married a successful businessman, ...

    1. before I leave.


    SOCIAL ENGLISH
    Time Expressions


    — Excuse me, what time is it?

    — What’s the time?

    — Can you tell me the time?

    — Yes, sure. It’s ... o’clock.

    — I’m sorry. My watch is wrong / slow / fast.


    — Thanks. / Thank you.

    — You are welcome. / Any time.



    Telling the time

    11. Match the time.


    1. It’s three o’clock.

    a) 12.25

    1. It’s a quarter past eight.

    b) 8.05

    1. It’s ten thirty.

    c) 11.25

    1. It’s five to five.

    d) 1.58

    1. It’s nine twenty five.

    e) 8.15

    1. It’s twenty-five to eleven.

    f) 4.55

    1. It’s two to two.

    g) 10.35

    1. It’s eleven twenty-five.

    h) 9.25

    1. It’s five past eight.

    i) 10.30

    1. It’s twenty thirty-five.

    j) 3.00


    12. What is the difference between 8 a.m. and 8 p.m.? Look at the chart and check your answer.


    a.m.

    morning

    afternoon

    00.00–11.59

    12.00–17.59

    p.m.

    evening

    18.00–23.59


    note:

    00.00 = midnight

      1. = midday (noon)

    in the morning / in the afternoon / in the evening / in the daytime

    BUT: at night / at midnight / at noon
    13. Match the times that are the same.
    Example: 03.00 — 3 a.m. — three o’clock in the morning


    1.

    03.00

    2 p.m.

    three o’clock in the afternoon

    2.

    15.00

    8 p.m.

    two o’clock in the afternoon

    3.

    20.00

    3 a.m.

    eight o’clock in the morning

    4.

    08.00

    8 a.m.

    three o’clock in the morning

    5.

    14.00

    3 p.m.

    eight o’clock in the evening



    GRAMMAR

    Days and Dates


    What day is it today?

    — (It’s) Monday.

    What date is it today?

    — (It’s) September 25th.

    When is your birthday?

    — (It’s) in March.

    25/09 ... — the twenty-fifth of September or September the twenty-fifth

    1919 — nineteen nineteen

    1800 — eighteen hundred

    1805 — eighteen-oh-five



    Days

    Months

    Seasons

    Monday

    Tuesday

    Wednesday

    Thursday

    Friday

    Saturday

    Sunday

    January

    February

    March

    April

    May

    June

    July

    August

    September October November

    December

    winter

    spring

    summer

    autumn


    14. Practice saying these important dates in the Russian calendar.
    a) 07/01 b) 23/02 c) 08/03 d) 01/05 e) 09/05 f) 12/06 g) 04/11


    Prepositions of Time

    At

    in

    on

    no preposition

    1. + time of the day

    at 2 o’clock

    at midnight

    at noon (= 12 o’clock in the daytime)

    at lunchtime

    2. + weekends

    at the weekend

    at weekends

    3. + public holiday

    at Christmas;

    at Easter

    1. + a part of the day

    in the morning

    in the afternoon

    in the evening

    BUT: at night

    2. + longer periods (months, seasons, years, etc.)

    in July;

    in (the) summer;

    in 1998;

    in the sixties;

    in the 20th century

    1. + a day

    on Monday

    on Wednesday

    on Saturday

    on Christmas day

    2. + a day + a part of the day

    on Monday morning

    on Saturday night

    on Wednesday evening

    1. before next, last, this

    next week

    last night

    this year

    2. before today, tomorrow, yesterday, tonight

    15. Put in the correct preposition at / on / in or —.


    1. ___ 8 July

    2. ___ Wednesday

    3. ___ 4 pm

    4. ___ spring

    5. ___ the morning

    1. ___ Friday evening

    2. ___ Christmas

    3. ___ night

    4. ___ the weekend

    5. ___ tomorrow evening


    16. Complete the following sentences with the correct preposition of time.


    1. My birthday is ___ January. In fact it’s ___ January 15th.

    2. I work best ___ night.

    3. I start work every morning ___ 9.00 am.

    4. My English class is ___ Friday afternoon.

    5. My mother was born ___ the fifties.

    6. Usually I’ve got lots of presents ___ New Year’s Day.

    7. Our town is quiet ___ weekends.

    8. The football match is ___ Sunday.

    9. ___ autumn it’s always rainy.


    17. Work with your partner. Take it in turns to ask and answer the questions.


    1. When is your birthday?

    2. Was your mother born in the eighties?

    3. What time of day do you work best?

    4. What time do you start / finish work?

    5. Do you ever get a sleep in the afternoon?

    6. What time do you go to bed?


    Adverbs of frequency


    always

    usually

    often

    sometimes

    never

    ●●●●●●●

    ●●●●●

    ●●●


















    I

    always

    usually

    often

    sometimes

    never


    get to work late.



    A: How often do you arrive at work on time?

    B: I usually arrive at work on time.

    18. Rewrite each sentence with the adverb of frequency (in brackets) in its correct position.

    Example: I play tennis on Sundays. (often)

    Answer: I often play tennis on Sundays.


    1. Peter doesn’t get up before seven. (usually)

    2. Peggy and Frank are late. (often)

    3. They watch TV in the afternoon. (never)

    4. My grandmother goes for a walk in the evening. (always)

    5. I take sugar in my coffee. (sometimes)

    6. Our friends must write tests. (often)

    7. Pete gets angry. (never)

    8. Tom is very friendly. (usually)

    9. Ramon and Frank are hungry. (often)

    10. Walter helps his father in the kitchen. (usually)

    11. Christine smokes. (never)


    19. Work with a partner. Use the adverbs of frequency to talk about your daily routine.


    get up / wake up, have a shower, start the day with a good breakfast,

    cook / have (something for) breakfast / lunch / dinner, leave home,

    get to university, have classes, do my homework, watch TV, go to bed


    Example:

    I usually get up at seven o’clock.
    20.Complete the text with the correct form of the word in brackets; translate the text.
    Jane (be) always busy with her job. She (get) to the office before 8.30. She (take off) her coat, (put on) her reading glasses and (sit down) at her desk. Then she (read) her mail and (fill out) the daily reports. If she (have) enough time, she (have) a cup of coffee.

    At 9 o’clock the other workers (arrive). Some of them (be) too tired to smile. Sometimes Jane (be) too busy to talk, but she (say) hello to everyone.

    At 9.30 she (go) into the boss’s office. She (give) him the daily reports. They always (talk) about them for a few minutes. She (tell) the boss her plans for the day. Then she (go back) to her office and (make) phone calls. The company (do) business in England and Japan, so sometimes she (have) to call these countries.

    At the end of the day she (pick up) the children at school. They (be) always happy to see her and she (be) always energetic enough to play with them at home. Jane (be) important to the people at the office and to the people at home, and she (do) a good job both places.

    21. Match the two halves ofEnglish sayings. Are they similar to any in your own language? How many Russian sayings about time can you think of?


    1. Time and tide

    1 will be done at no time.

    1. A stitch in time

    2 like the present.

    1. The one who is first to act

    3 what you can do today.

    1. Well begun

    4 saves nine.

    1. Never put off till tomorrow

    5 wait for no man.

    1. Busiest men

    6 when you’re having fun.

    1. What may be done at any time

    7 achieves success.

    1. There’s no time

    8 find the most time.

    1. Today is the tomorrow

    9 is half done.

    1. Time flies

    10 we worried about yesterday.


    22.What sort of people tend to be unpunctual? Read the following textand check your ideas.
    It is Never Too Late to Be Punctual

    People who are unpunctual fall into three categories. The first, and saddest comprises the hopelessly incompetent and inefficient who worry about being on time and never are. The second lot are, strange as it may seem, impatient people who cannot bear to be kept waiting, and who make sure they don’t arrive before the appointed time, thus guaranteeing that others must wait for them. If they are outmaneuvered and compelled1 to wait for someone, they are the first to express disapproval of the bad manners of the latecomers. Finally, there are the egoists determined to impose their own personality on others and to impress their sense of importance on them. An easy way to do this is to keep everyone waiting until the star makes an appearance.
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