Reading 24. Read the text and do the task below. Use your dictionary to help. PAUL BROWN'S DAILY ROUTINE
Friday morning. The alarm clock goes off at 7. Paul usually gets up easily but not this time. It’s not simple to wake up so early if you go to bed at 3 in the morning. He can hardly open his eyes. Half an hour passes before Paul finally makes himself get up. He is still sleepy. He slowly gets dressed and looks out of the window. It’s drizzling1
and the sidewalk is wet. There’s nobody in sight2
. The campus looks deserted. But Paul goes jogging every morning, whatever the weather3
. He sighs4
, puts on his sneakers and goes out. Twenty minutes later he comes back and takes a long shower. As usual jogging and a cold shower do him good. He is wide awake now. Paul looks at the clock. It’s 8.15. Time for breakfast. He goes to the kitchen to make coffee. A cup of coffee is always reviving5
, especially after the party like yesterday’s. He smiles at the thought of that delicious birthday cake. But the smile vanishes6
the moment he remembers his schedule for today. He’s got three classes on Friday.
9.00–10.30 – German Class
11.00–12.30 – Political System of Germany
14.00–15.30 – German Literature
Anything else? An appointment with his tutor at 4 o’clock. He completely forgot! And there’s an essay to finish! When in the world can he do that? He suddenly remembers: lunch time (12.30—14.00). Well, he can’t afford7
a regular lunch today, just a quick snack. It gives him at least an extra hour more to finish his essay and get ready for the discussion. His tutor is always very critical of his students’ homework. You must know your subject well enough to answer his tricky questions.
8.50. Paul rushes out of the house. It doesn’t take him long to get to the college. So at 8.55 he is at the university. All the students in his class are already there. They’re very glad to see Paul. And so is he. At 9 o’clock Mr Lewis comes in and the class starts. Mr Lewis’s classes are Paul’s favourite ones. Time flies quickly. He enjoys the class so much that the end of the class at 10.30 always comes as a surprise. 10.30–11.00. Coffee break. Paul and the other students go to a coffee bar to have a chat over a cup of coffee. 11.00. Back to another class. It’s rather difficult for Paul to concentrate on the subject, all the more so he doesn’t like it too much. It isn’t as interesting as Mr Lewis’s German Class. Honestly Paul finds it boring.
12.30. Lunch time. Everybody hurries to the dining hall. But Paul doesn’t. At lunchtime he is at his desk in his room. So much work to do and so little time! Paul opens his essay book and starts writing. When he looks at the clock, it’s ten minutes past 2. He is late for the class but he feels great. His essay is ready! The thought is very comforting. Friday’s last class is German Literature, another of Paul’s favourites. It’s always very interesting and instructive. After the class Paul has got half an hour to look through the essay and his notes. He is no longer afraid of the coming meeting. He feels sure of himself.
The session goes well. The students discuss their essays. The tutor makes some critical remarks but on the whole he’s quite pleased with their work. Finally he sets work for them to do and they part till next time. On his way home Paul drops in at the student pub. He takes a glass of beer and sits down at the table next to his friends. He looks around. The pub is crowded, as usual at this time. Everybody is laughing and talking. Loud music is playing. But nobody is dancing. It’s too early for that. Paul suddenly feels very tired. He says good-bye to his friends and leaves the pub. The thing is that there is a concert of a Spanish guitar player at the club at 8. Paul doesn’t want to miss it but he needs some rest. The concert finishes at 11.30. When Paul comes back home, it’s nearly midnight. At long last the hard day is over! He takes off his clothes and goes to bed straightaway. 5 minutes later he is fast asleep.
drizzle – мелкий дождь; моросить 2
in sight – в поле зрения3
whatever the weather – в любую погоду4
sigh – вздыхать5
revive – восстанавливать (силы, энергию) 6
vanish – исчезать, пропадать7
afford – (быть в состоянии) позволить себе25. Are the following statements true or false? If false, say why.
26. How do you remember all the things you have to do each day / week / month? Read the article and find out how many of your ideas are mentioned. Do you agree with the other ideas?TIME-SAVING TIPS
On Friday mornings Paul never gets up before 8.15.
Paul always goes to bed until midnight.
Paul doesn’t care about the weather when he goes jogging.
He almost never has a regular lunch in the afternoon. Instead, he has a quick snack.
Paul’s college is a five minutes’ walk from the hall where he lives.
Paul doesn’t like all the subjects he’s studying but only some of them.
Paul is self-confident because he’s always ready for his classes.
He feels comfortable at the thought that his essay is ready.
The tutor is displeased with Paul’s work and he tells him to come next time.
There’s a student pub not far from Paul’s hall.
After classes Paul doesn’t drop in the pub because he is too tired.
In the evening he goes to the pub to see a concert of a Spanish guitar player.
Making lists is relaxing. It makes you feel important – all those things to do. It calms you down (it’s OK, it’s on a list somewhere) and it makes you feel good when you cross something off.
The world divides into two types of list-makers. Type A makes orderly lists, prioritises and calmly sets to work on them. Type В waits until panic sets in, grabs the nearest envelope and scribbles1
all over it, sighs with relief2
and promptly loses it.
The more you have to do, the more you need a list, and few people with high-powered jobs get by without them.
Julie Rost, chief executive3
of a large chain of supermarkets, says, “Before I go to bed, I have to write down everything that’s going to stop me sleeping. If I write something down, I feel I won’t forget it, so my lists are a great comfort.”
Jane Levy used to write Lists, but she would forget where she put them and then waste precious time looking for them. Then a couple of years ago she came up with a new system. Now she writes key words on the back of her hand! “At least I can’t lose it,’ she says. True, but too many trips to the bathroom could have disastrous results.
Des O’Brien, a self-employed business consultant, uses another method for organising his time. He writes a list of things to do and then organises them into categories: things that have to be done straight away; other things that it would be good to do today; things that are important but don’t have to be done immediately; and things that he can put off but that he doesn’t want to forget. “Using categories to order the world is the way the human mind works,” he says.
It’s all a question of what works best for you, whether it’s a tidy notebook, a forest of Post-it®
notes or the back of your hand. Having tried all these, Kerry Johns, student, relies on her personal organiser. “My personal organiser has changed my life,” she says. “Up to now, I’ve always relied on my good memory, but now that I’m working and studying, I find I’ve got too much to keep in my head.”
So what are you waiting for? There’s no better time than the present to take control of your work and life. So, get out your pencil and paper and make a list.Sue Kay & Vaughan Jones, New Inside Out, Macmillan
scribble – писать быстро и небрежно2
relief – облегчение3
chief executive – президент (компании), директор27. Read the text and answer the questions below.Procrastination – a difficult word that makes life difficult
This word is not often used, and probably you’ve never come across it before, still a lot of people (including you may be) procrastinate every day of their lives. Longman dictionary gives the following definition: to procrastinate – to delay repeatedly and without good reason doing something that must be done.
How often do you put off doing something? You know you should do it, but you don’t. We often try to put off difficult tasks, unpleasant things. In spite of what the dictionary says, usually we have reasons for putting things off, we say to ourselves:
Well, we can think of plenty of excuses. However scientists say that the main reason for procrastination is fear or worry. We are simply afraid of doing something, so we invent excuses, try to put off doing it and secretly hope that the problem will go away by itself. It does not. Instead procrastination creates more fear and worry and more problems.
Procrastination is a bad habit, which can affect your work and your life. Try to fight it. The following tips may help:
Remember: procrastination wastes a lot of your time and time lost is lost forever, yesterday will never come back.
Keep your to-do list – write down things you have to do.
Break down big jobs into smaller parts – even five minutes is enough to do something. The most difficult thing is to start. Once you start you usually get going. So get started.
Try to get a better sense of time. We often think the job will take forever and so we try to avoid it.
Set deadlines to yourself. If it doesn’t work, make them public.
FOLLOW-UP28. Express the following in one word.
Does procrastination affect your life?
Do you often put off doing something?
What do you think is the main reason for procrastination?
How can we fight a habit of putting off difficult tasks?
waste, procrastinate, excuse, failure, deadline
1 delay action
2 use without a good purpose
3 fixed date for finishing (doing) something
4 reason given (true or invented) to explain or defend one’s conduct
5 lack of success29. Fill in the correct word from the list below.
avoid, put off, excuses, success, discipline, procrastinated, wasted
30. Work with a partner. What advice would you give somebody who wants to fight a habit of putting off difficult tasks? Give advice using should or shouldn’t.Example:
There’s always the temptation to … the most difficult task till last.
He … until it was too late.
He’s always making … for being late.
Try to … danger.
The thought of … years behind him made Mark sick with bitterness.
He had all the attributes of a great leader: charisma, energy, ... and resourcefulness.
All great leaders share certain characteristics which must be seen as the key to their ... .
You should learn to plan your time.
You should remember: the longer you put it off, the worse it will be.
You shouldn’t leave your work until it’s done.
31. Render the text in Russian. .
get rid of your doubts and fears;
list what you have to do;
look at large projects as a series of steps
you complete one at a time;
divide the task into parts you can manage;
focus on one task at a time
WHAT ARE THE WAYS TO PREVENT TIREDNESS?
(Some important rules suggested by psychologists)
Rest before you get tired (not after).
Learn to relax. If you are having hard times find a quiet half-hour all for yourself to gain strength.
Don’t forget about four good working habits:
clean your desk of all papers except those you need at hand;
do things in order of their importance;
when you face a problem, first analyse the facts, then make a decision;
learn to organize things.
Put enthusiasm into your work; it’s the only way to enjoy what you are doing.
Remember: no one was ever killed by doing well-organized work.
Don’t be a mental loafer. Don’t be afraid to concentrate on some ideas, to think hard and to exercise your will and memory.
Useful Words and Expressions
to get up / to wake up;
to wash / to shave;
to have a shower/a bath;
to put on one’s clothes / to get dressed;
to have breakfast;
to go to work/university;
to have (a) lunch (break);
to finish work;
to do some shopping / to go shopping;
to go home / to come home;
to go to bed / to go to sleep.
32. What’s a typical day for you? Look at the activities below and fill in the time you spend on each activity.
35. Read through these two morning routines. Underline the correct alternatives. Which person is most like you?Person A
My alarm goes off early, and it takes me ten minutes to eat my breakfast, drink two cups of coffee, have a shower, pack my bag and read the post and thirty minutes to (1) get dressed / wear.
I start thinking about what I’m going to (2) get dressed / wear
while I have my breakfast. After a shower, I (3) put on
my underwear and then I look in my wardrobe and choose a pair of trousers. If they still (4) fit
me, I put them on. If they feel a bit tight around the waist, I (5) try them on / take them off
and spend a few minutes feeling guilty about all those chocolates I had last night. Then, I choose a looser pair of trousers and think about a top that (6) goes with / fits
it. I usually (7) have on
/ try on
two or three tops before I find one that (8) looks / wears
right and (9) feels / fits
comfortable. Finding a pair of socks usually takes about five minutes – I can find two dozen odd pairs, but none that (10) look / match.
By now, I’m late.Person В
I get up as late as I possibly can and jump in and out of the shower. I (1) put on
the trousers I (2) had on
/ got dressed
yesterday and take a shirt out of the wardrobe – it doesn’t matter which one as long as it’s ironed. I find the jacket that (3) fits / goes with
the trousers, look down and check that my socks (4) match / feel,
and that’s it. Nearly all my clothes are either green or brown, because I’ve been told that they are the only colours that (5) suit / match
me. So I never really have to worry about what I (6) look like / go with.
The important thing is to make sure I have enough time to enjoy my favourite drink of the day: that first cup of coffee...36. Work with a partner. Take it in turns to describe your daily routines.